Greater celandine-Chelidonium majus...

13/05/2021

Greater celandine is used to treat warts, various skin mycoses and dermatological diseases. We have known him since ancient times, when he found a wide application in folk medicine, but also in medicine. Its characteristic yellow-orange milk juice is used in folk medicine to remove warts. However, the use of Greater Swallow in medicine has been limited since the beginning of the 21st century mostly to external use only due to its hepatotoxicity (side effects on the liver) ...

Greater celandine has been used in European and Chinese herbal medicine for many years, and after the discovery of America, it was used by Indians. Already in ancient Greece and Rome, various healing properties were attributed to it. They have used it, for example, in the fight against gastrointestinal worms. In the 16th century, Greater celandine began to be used to treat jaundice...

Greater celandine has a really long tradition of use in folk medicine and directly in medicine, where it has become the focus of various research for its rich content of medicinal substances. The plant contains about 20 alkaloids, which are found in all parts of the plant except the seeds. The main alkaloids of Greater celandine are chelidonine, chelerythrine, chelitridine and sanguinarine. The largest amount of effective substances contains orange milk juice, which also shines under UV light...  

The action of this herb is the result of a reaction to a number of alkaloids contained in it and affects proteins, including receptors. The strongest effect is associated with smooth muscle relaxation: digestive system, bile ducts, ureters, genitals. These are the muscles that we do not control by our own will. Various secondary metabolites e.g. Chelerythrine and sanguinarine, especially in the above-ground parts of the herb, have shown antiviral and bactericidal properties, in particular against gram-positive bacteria, such as e.g. staphylococci. The alkaloid chelidonine has a similar effect on the central nervous system as morphine, but it is much weaker and does not cause euphoria...

You can make a decoction by pouring half a tablespoon of herbs with 0.5 liters of lukewarm water and heat gently for 30 minutes. After cooling, drink 1-2 tablespoons 3 times a day to relieve intestinal pain and painful menstruation. When treating warts several times a day, touch the warts with milk juice, taking care not to discolor healthy skin. Care must be taken not to get this juice in your eyes as it causes a strong burning sensation. Milk juice compresses are useful in treating mycosis of the skin and make it difficult to heal their wounds. Crushed leaves are placed on the cutting wounds...

There are cases of poisoning from Greater celandine due to its excessive ingestion or misuse of drugs that are made from this herb. These cases occur in drug addicts who try to use Swallow as a substitute for opium poppy. The first aid for Swallow poisoning is the administration of skimmed or normal milk and subsequent gastric lavage...

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Marcel Gábor...

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